Documentos de trabajo

Climate change and politogenesis. The effects of El Niño Southern Oscillation in the emergence of political complexity in early Peru
Abstract: We present a study of climate change and its relation to current explanations of the emergence of political complexity in early civilizations. The interest in this relationship has grown considerably in recent decades due to the shared interest among complementary fields of study and availability of new information. In fact, the possibility of a scientific explanation of politogenesis is vital not only for the understanding of history, but also for enriching the current debate on the emergence of governance institutions.  With that in mind, we have organized the available information from early Peruvian civilizations where at least some level of collation is apparent in the relation among the power construction path that might have been followed by local leaders; the cultural contexts and environmental conditions that enable a particular government style and the role played by El Niño Southern Oscillation (ENSO) in those days. We obtained a logical convergence where will be clearly seen that catastrophic events and uncertain climate conditions promote the development of effective collective action with successful outcomes for civilizations with leaders that proved to be strategic thinkers. The results may also bring some reflections to social scientist working currently on policy making for landscape planning and governance dynamics.